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Introduction

After completing your character, you need to manipulate it for animation or just for posing. Rigging is the process of attaching a skeleton to your character mesh object so you can deform and pose it in different ways.

These actions do not fundamentally alter the mesh, and can easily be changed, undone, or combined with other poses.

note for editors
below we need to add more introductory text for all steps in rigging!


The following is a typical workflow for rigging:

  1. Add an armature, which starts out with a single bone.
  2. Add more bones as needed and link them together to form "limbs".
    (you can either extrude an existing bone, which parents it to the extruded bone automatically; or add new bones first and then link them together.)
  3. Edit the bones to give proper proportions to the skeleton
  4. Apply constraints to the joints
    (e.g. a human elbow can bend through about 170 degrees in one plane only)
  5. Give a 'rest' (default) position to the skeleton.
  6. Apply a mesh (body) to the armature (skinning)
  7. Define how the movement of the armature affects the skin
    (folding, flexing, bulging)
  8. Give poses to the armature.
    (There are multiple methods: By arranging each bone of the armature manually, or by copying a template armature, or by arranging the bones to follow a curve, or by making the armature follow externally collected motion-capture data.)
  9. Check how the armature movement affects the skin, and adjust the parameters.
    (adjust the topology of the skin to make it look more natural)

All these steps are explained in details below.

-done! Please check+edit --Raindrops 19:32, 31 May 2013 (CEST)


Armatures

Armatures are like the real-life skeletons; and provide the structure for a mesh for the purpose of posing or animation.

Armature and Bone Panels
shows how to use the different panels in Blender to adjust the armatures and bones.
Bones
explains properties of Bones, which are the basic elements of armatures.
Visualization
how to display bones in four different ways.
Structure
Explains the structure of bones in an armature.
Selecting
Select only the section of your armature that matters to you.

Editing

Bones
Learn how to practically edit bones in Blender and see what that causes.
Sketching
Use the Skeleton Sketching tool to easily sketch bones and bring them to reality in Blender.
Templating
Templates offer a great way to quickly reuse already created rigs for your own models.

Skinning

This section shows how to "flesh out" your character from a given armature.

In normal English, "to skin" means 'to peel off skin', but here it is just the reverse (used in the sense of covering the armature with a skin): You will be putting a body (mesh) around an armature.

Linking Objects to Bones
How to parent a bone to an object, so that the bone controls that object. This type of linking is used to simulate mechanical linkage (for example, Newton's cradle) or where the parts of the mesh are not deformed when the armature moves, as in case of modeling an insect body, crab, etc.
Skinning to Objects' Shapes
How to attach the armature so that each of its bones controls a specific part of the “skin” object’s geometry. This type of linkage is used when the object surface flexes when the armature moves, such as bulging of biceps when the arm is folded.
Retargeting
How to apply motion-capture data (acquired from real world) to a rig, so that it mimics the original movements realistically. This method also avoids laborious programming of each movement.

Posing

Posing means shaping and arranging the objects in your scene in a particular way to create an interesting composition. For example, look at the body language of The Thinker, or think of a scorpion raising its tail to strike.

Poses are also used to create animation. For example, to create animation of a tennis player serving a ball, you would have to create poses at different moments of the stroke: (a) when she holds the ball and racket at waist height (b) when she tosses the ball up, (c) when she strikes the ball, and (d) when her racket reaches at the lowest point after the strike (follow through). Then Blender creates all the intermediate poses to create the animation.

Visualization
describes the visual aids that help you in posing the armature; especially for animation.
Editing Poses
how to create a pose, and how to edit it to create the snapshots of an animation at different moments.
Pose Library
storing frequently used poses or existing poses from another armature, so that they can be quickly accessed and applied.
Using Constraints
how to apply constraints to bones so that they cannot form an unnatural pose.
Inverse Kinematics
a feature where you move the last bone in a chain, and Blender automatically moves the whole chain accordingly. This is like lifting someone's finger: His whole hand automatically follows that movement.
Spline IK
a feature where you can align a chain of bones along a curve.



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This is the old manual!
For the current 2.7x manual see http://www.blender.org/manual/


User Manual

World and Ambient Effects

World

Introduction
World Background

Ambient Effects

Mist
Stars (2.69)


Game Engine

Introduction

Introduction to the Game Engine
Game Logic Screen Layout

Logic

Logic Properties and States
The Logic Editor

Sensors

Introduction to Sensors
Sensor Editing
Common Options
-Actuator Sensor
-Always Sensor
-Collision Sensor
-Delay Sensor
-Joystick Sensor
-Keyboard Sensor
-Message Sensor
-Mouse Sensor
-Near Sensor
-Property Sensor
-Radar Sensor
-Random Sensor
-Ray Sensor
-Touch Sensor

Controllers

Introduction
Controller Editing
-AND Controller
-OR Controller
-NAND Controller
-NOR Controller
-XOR Controller
-XNOR Controller
-Expression Controller
-Python Controller

Actuators

Introduction
Actuator Editing
Common Options
-2D Filters Actuator
-Action Actuator
-Camera Actuator
-Constraint Actuator
-Edit Object Actuator
-Game Actuator
-Message Actuator
-Motion Actuator
-Parent Actuator
-Property Actuator
-Random Actuator
-Scene Actuator
-Sound Actuator
-State Actuator
-Steering Actuator
-Visibility Actuator

Game Properties

Introduction
Property Editing

Game States

Introduction

Camera

Introduction
Camera Editing
Stereo Camera
Dome Camera

World

Introduction

Physics

Introduction
Material Physics
No Collision Object
Static Object
Dynamic Object
Rigid Body Object
Soft Body Object
Vehicle Controller
Sensor Object
Occluder Object

Path Finding

Navigation Mesh Modifier

Game Performance

Introduction
System
Display
Framerate and Profile
Level of Detail

Python API

Introduction
Bullet physics
VideoTexture

Deploying

Standalone Player
Licensing of Blender Game

Android Support

Android Game development